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The Brigand's Way
 

The Brigand's Way

From Vulci to Acquapendente there's a series of tracks and bridleways suitable for horses, bikes or just on foot, called the "Sentiero dei Briganti". These are the old brigands' escape routes and short-cuts.
A total of more than 100 km, taking you to and skirting various important towns along the Tuscany/Lazio border and especially those along the Via Cassia and the old Via Francigena, the pilgrims' route from Canterbury (UK) to Rome.

The tracks are well sign-posted, with panels explaining the history and legends of each brigand and the various things not to be missed along the way. From the forests of Monte Rufeno, to the Caldera of Latera, along Lake Bolsena, through the dark woods of the Selva del Lamone right down to Vulci near the sea.

Further info on Tiburzi & the brigands in general...

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ANSUINI'S WAY

Latera, ANSUINI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI
Latera: Museo della Terra, ANSUINI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI

ANSUINI'S WAY

Ansuini and Menichetti were fellow brigands who killed the Brigadier of Latera, Sebastiano Preta, near the San Magno woods of Gradoli, as remembered by monuments in the town centre. These woods are reached from Latera via a stretch of the modern-day SS 74 and then through chestnut tree woods to the old 15th century church of San Magno.

7 km further on, having enjoyed some spectacular views of Lake Bolsena, you reach the Necropolis of Pianezze in Grotte di Castro. The way then crosses the centre of town and heads for
Onano.


(NB: not always suitable for cars)






BISCARINI'S WAY

River Fiora, BISCARINI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI
Ischia di Castro, BISCARINI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI

BISCARINI'S WAY

One of the earliest band of outlaws in the Maremma area was headed by Davide Biscarini and operated in the area between Vulci and the old city of Castro, now in the territory of Ischia di Castro.

Starting in Vulci, the route leads you along the River Fiora where you can glimpse some natural caves used by man back in the Bronze Age. The most important of these is the Grotta Nuova near Ponte San Pietro.

After the Bosco Baccano wood, you enter the estate of the Prince of Torlonia (current owner of Mount Canino and the Musignano baths). The way lies along the rocky wooded banks of the River Fiora and its tributary the Olpeta. Not to be missed here are the caves dug out of the tuff rock, called romitori, the best being the Eremo di Poggio Conte and Ripatonina Cicognina.

The local people lived in these caves until the Middle Ages and this is where Davide Biscarini was killed in an ambush, near Fosso del Paternale. Biscarini's Way ends at the old city of Castro, the capital of the powerful Farnese family, destroyed by the army of Pope Innocent X in 1649.

(NB: not always suitable for cars)








FIORAVANTI'S WAY

River Paglia, FIORAVANTI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI
Monte Rufeno Nature Reserve, FIORAVANTI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI

FIORAVANTI'S WAY

Just down the road from Onano, is the strategic town of Acquapendente, where the bandit Luciano Fioravanti was born.
Originally a member of Domenico Tiburzi's band, after the death of this famous brigand in Capalbio, Fioravanti moved to the area around Manciano in Tuscany, where he too soon died. His haunts were, naturally, the woods of the modern-day Monte Rufeno Nature Reserve, called the 'Bannita' by locals due to its notorious inaccessibility. Today the Nature Reserve can be explored thanks to tracks suitable on foot, by bike or on horseback.

Having crossed the River Paglia near Ponte Gregoriano the track leads into the volcanic system of the Volsini Mountains. The route passes very close to Proceno and there are some good views of Torre Alfina, an imposing and almost fairytale-like castle, high up above the point where Umbria, Tuscany and Lazio meet. Worth visiting here is the WWF Oasis of Sasseto.

(NB: not always suitable for cars)








MENICHETTI'S WAY

Lake Mezzano, MENICHETTI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI
Selva del Lamone, MENICHETTI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI

MENICHETTI'S WAY

Damiano Menichetti, born in Tuscania , was the scourge of the area between Valentano, Latera and Lake Bolsena. The route follows the road along the Northerm ridge of the caldera of Latera, from where you get a superb view of the Selva del Lamone, the Castro Mountains, Monte Argentario, Pitigliano, Monte Amiata and the entire valley of the Caldera.

The track takes you eventually to the volcanic Lake Mezzano, the source of the River Olpeta, a tributary of the River Fiora, that partially crosses the caldera that was created when the old crater of the Latera volcano collapsed.
The path ends in the old centre of Latera.

(NB: not always suitable for cars)








TIBURZI'S WAY

Pianiano, TIBURZI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI
Selva del Lamone, TIBURZI'S WAY - SENTIERO DEI BRIGANTI

TIBURZI'S WAY

Domenico Tiburzi, the "King of the Lamone" and perhaps the best known of the brigands, was born in Cellere and eventually died in Capalbio during an ambush by the Carabinieri. Starting from Castro this route leads you down the old Via Cava, a deep artificial gorge cut into the tuff rock by the Etruscans and still with the old Roman (or older?) paving stones.

The way ahead takes you through the Selva del Lamone, e, a forest covering over 2,000 hectares between the towns of Farnese and Ischia di Castro and Tuscany. This is where the brigand took refuge as he travelled between Acquapendente and the coast.
Within this forest some charcoal burners' huts have been reconstructed.

Along the Fosso della Faggeta you reach the Cistercian Abbey of Santa Maria di Sala (13th century), a favourite with hermits for many centuries. The route then follows the Western ridge of the caldera (crater) of Latera to Lake Mezzano, in the territory of Valentano.

(NB: not always suitable for cars)


Further info on Tiburzi & the brigands in general...